How to Upgrade Laptop RAM: A Step-by-Step Guide

Joe Smith
Joe Smith
how to upgrade laptop ram

There comes a time when your trusty laptop begins to show its age, and you start noticing it’s not quite as zippy as it used to be. Applications take longer to load, web pages take an eternity to appear, and multitasking? Forget about it. If this sounds all too familiar, don’t despair. There’s a good chance that a simple RAM upgrade could breathe new life into your old workhorse, and the best part is that you can do it yourself!

This step-by-step guide will walk you through the entire process of upgrading your laptop’s RAM. So, roll up your sleeves, and let’s get started!

Step 1: Do Your Homework

Before you rush out and buy some shiny new RAM modules, there are a few crucial things you need to know:

  1. Determine how much RAM your laptop can handle: Consult your laptop’s manual or the manufacturer’s website to find the maximum amount of RAM your laptop can accommodate.
  2. Identify the RAM type and speed: You’ll also need to know the type of RAM (e.g., DDR3 or DDR4) and speed (e.g., 1600 MHz or 2400 MHz) compatible with your laptop. Mixing different types and speeds can cause compatibility issues.
  3. Check how many RAM slots your laptop has: Some laptops have one or two RAM slots, while others have more. You’ll need this information to decide if you should buy one large module or multiple smaller ones.
  4. Verify if your laptop’s RAM is user-upgradable: Some ultra-thin laptops have their RAM soldered to the motherboard, making upgrades impossible. Again, consult your laptop’s manual or manufacturer’s website to confirm if your laptop’s RAM is upgradable.

Step 2: Purchase the Right RAM

Now that you have all the necessary information, it’s time to shop for the appropriate RAM modules. Stick to reputable brands like Kingston, Corsair, or Crucial to ensure quality and compatibility. You can find these at your local electronics store or online retailers like Amazon or Newegg.

Don’t miss out on our comprehensive guide, crafted especially for you, covering the finest laptop RAM selections.

Step 3: Gather Your Tools

You’ll need a few basic tools to perform the RAM upgrade:

  1. A clean, well-lit workspace: Choose a clean, flat surface to work on, preferably away from carpets or fabric that could generate static electricity.
  2. A small Philips head screwdriver: You’ll need this to open the laptop and remove any screws securing the RAM modules.
  3. An anti-static wrist strap (optional): This helps prevent static electricity from damaging your laptop’s delicate components. If you don’t have one, make sure to regularly touch a grounded metal object to discharge any static buildup.

Step 4: Power Down and Prepare Your Laptop

Before you begin the upgrade, take the following precautions:

  1. Shut down your laptop and unplug the power adapter.
  2. Remove the battery if your laptop has a removable one.
  3. Close the laptop and place it on your workspace with the bottom side facing up.

Step 5: Access the RAM Compartment

Now, it’s time to open up your laptop and find the RAM compartment:

  1. Consult your laptop’s manual to locate the RAM compartment. This is usually on the bottom side of the laptop, covered by a small panel held in place by one or more screws.
  2. Using your Philips head screwdriver, remove the screws securing the RAM compartment cover.
  3. Gently lift the cover and set it aside, exposing the RAM modules.

Step 6: Remove the Old RAM

If you’re replacing old RAM modules, follow these steps:

  1. Locate the small plastic tabs or levers on either side of the RAM module.
  2. Gently push the tabs or levers away from the RAM module. It should pop up at a slight angle.
  3. Carefully grasp the edges of the RAM module and gently slide it out of the slot. Avoid touching the gold contacts or the chips on the module.
  4. Set the old RAM aside in a safe place, preferably in an anti-static bag or on a non-conductive surface.

Step 7: Install the New RAM

Now, it’s time to install your shiny new RAM modules:

  1. Hold the new RAM module by its edges and align the notches on the module with the notches on the slot.
  2. Gently slide the RAM module into the slot at the same angle as the old RAM was removed (usually around 30 degrees).
  3. Press down on the module with even pressure until the side tabs or levers click into place, securing the module.
  4. If you’re installing multiple RAM modules, repeat steps 1-3 for each module, making sure to use the correct slots for optimal performance. Consult your laptop’s manual for the proper slot configuration.

Step 8: Close Up and Power On

With your new RAM installed, it’s time to put everything back together:

  1. Replace the RAM compartment cover and secure it with the screws you removed earlier.
  2. Reinstall the battery, if applicable.
  3. Plug in the power adapter and power on your laptop.

Step 9: Verify the RAM Upgrade

Once your laptop has booted up, you’ll want to ensure that the new RAM is recognized and functioning correctly:

  1. For Windows users, press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open the Task Manager. Click on the “Performance” tab and look for the “Memory” section. Verify that the total amount of RAM displayed matches the amount you installed.
  2. For macOS users, click on the Apple menu in the top-left corner and select “About This Mac.” Check that the “Memory” section reflects the correct amount of RAM you installed.
  3. If the RAM amount is incorrect or your laptop isn’t booting up, power down your laptop, unplug it, and recheck the RAM installation. Make sure the modules are seated correctly and the side tabs are locked in place.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully upgraded your laptop’s RAM, giving it a much-needed performance boost. With your newfound skills, you can keep your laptop running smoothly for years to come, saving money and reducing electronic waste. So, go ahead and pat yourself on the back – you’ve earned it!

Joe Smith

Joe, a computer science graduate and PC hardware expert, boasts a decade of experience in the field. His lifelong passion for gaming drives him to excel as a prominent figure in the gaming community, consistently pushing boundaries with cutting-edge technology.

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments