There’s a whole dedicated realm of keyboards where one can be lost into. A common user in a company might not be aware of it since the tasks he/she is put up with are ordinary. They may include simple multitasking, email forwarding, and content writing. On the contrary, when the same normalized keyboards are used for gaming, the performance reached is nullified.
What’s the chase?
Let’s assume that keyboards are divided into two subcategories. One is conventionally accepted into society and is called the “Membrane keyboard,” whereas the other is known for its superiority “Mechanical Keyboard.” You might say, hey, what’s the problem? This is the problem. When you are a hardcore fanatic of playing new titles daily combined with typing tasks, you don’t pick up the conventional keyboard. They are off the chart as they propose ordinary features.
If you are reading this article, then there’s a solid chance that you are looking forward to upgrading after listening to all the rents on the internet. Perhaps, you made the right choice? I will try explaining every nick of information as briefly as possible, so you are not left indecisive and confused.
What’s a Membrane Keyboard?
Membrane keyboards function differently from their counterparts. In these keyboards, there’s a membrane that completes the electrical circuit when pressed. It has three individual layers that collaborate to give a successful keystroke. The top consists of a layer that connects the keystroke to the holes integrated into the keyboard. Below these holes, there’s a mid-membrane layer that passes the keystrokes further to the conductive traces. These layers are separated by a pad, which is used as a pressure absorber. When you press the key on the keyboard, it goes through a series of stages (through a pad), which helps in completing the circuit.
What are the two types of Membrane keyboards?
Membrane keyboards were further subdivided into two simpler categories—one for electronics, and the other for PCs. The one used on electronics is known as the “Flat key design keyboard.” This is a mini-membrane keyboard that only uses flat layers with a small pad that completes the circuit. The second one that you behold on your keyboards is known as the “Dome switch keyboard.” They use a dome-shaped structure that has a distant actuation point but feels good while typing. The reason for using the dome structure keyboard for gaming and typing is quite understandable since feedback is the key element in enjoying the presses.
As long as the keyboard is somewhat tactical, it helps you in finishing the tasks quickly.
Pros of Using Membrane Keyboards:
- Quietness: What does one mean by Quietness? When you compare Membrane keyboards with Mechanical keyboards, they are relatively quieter in terms of keystrokes. The light presses don’t make any sound due to the embedded Membrane pad. For instance, if you are a natural typist, then you don’t want the keys to making the jet sounds at night.
- Affordability: When it boils down to managing budget, membrane keyboards are way cheaper when compared with their alternatives. Why? The materials used in manufacturing the keyboard are from the low tier and do not require expensive labor.
- Portable: Membrane keyboards are lighter and easy to carry because of the plastic and relatively light-weighted components used in the making process.
- Experience: The Dome simulation is a feast for the common typists. The use of silicones in manufacturing makes the usage an experience worth a share. The feedbacks are immediate due to the average actuation length used. When the experience is compared with the rival mechanical products, it has been observed that it’s 60 percent similar.
Cons of Using Membrane Keyboards:
- Lifespan: The average lifespan spotted was around 100 million keystrokes, but the variations say otherwise. The keyboard collapses and wears out way before the prescribed time length. It starts to feel mushy due to the reduction in feedback.
- Cleaning: The membrane is fixed with keycaps, and it becomes a redundant choice to remove the keys and clean the sockets. The way the keyboard is designed makes cleaning a hell of a job.
- Typing experience: Since these keyboards do not use switches, the feedback and the keyboard’s feel are much lower. The experience portrayed by the users was not on the spot 5 stars.
- Key Error: Key errors happen when you are typing at lightning speed. The keystrokes are missed and don’t register themselves with the conductive trace. This is quite frequent in membrane keyboards.
What’s a Mechanical keyboard?
Mechanical keyboards are considered a legacy for gamers. These keyboards have tackled most of the problems addressed in the conventional keyboards. For instance, keyboards use a mechanical system to complete the circuit, unlike a membrane with thick three layers congested together. What’s interesting about them is that they come in a variety of forms. This includes a wide range of switches, which we will talk about later. These switches have three parts: base, spring, and stem.
When you press the key, the spring experiences force. This force, in turn, makes the spring touch the base, which links the circuit. These switches are tactile and require a certain amount of force when compared with the membrane keyboards. They don’t feel mushy! The touch is smooth and light that you’ll fall head over heels for these keyboards.
Surprisingly, you can get these top-notch keyboards in a surfeit of designs. Not to mention, the dedication of this subcategory of the keyboard has made the gamers and the gaming industry proud. Why? It’s because of the light effects (RGB) that dance when you use the keyboard. This makes the usage worth a while and leaves a long-lasting imprint.
Additionally, the manufacturers have given you the authority to DIY your keycaps opening the possibility of creating your own perfect keys. You can get the custom keycaps made, or buy one that suits your taste buds.
Types of Switches used in Mechanical Keyboards
Choosing the right mechanical switch can be a nuisance because there are thousands of switches to look from (a combination of three types of mechanical switches). It doesn’t necessarily mean that you might end up picking the right one for you. If your question is, “What switch should I go for?” then there’s no plain answer to it. The remaining guide will help you choose the best switch for your mechanical keyboard, depending on what type of typist you are.
Give it a thorough read because it will help you understand the notion behind inventing so many switches.
So, without any further ado, let’s begin!
There are three types of mechanical switches:
- Linear Switches
- Clicky Switches
- Tactile Switches
They are one of the simplest switches you can get your hands on. All the way to the bottom, the feels remain the same. In particular, there is no tactile feedback registered from the keyboard and no noise when hitting the actuation point. In short, linear switches are free from Clicky and Tactile features. Not to mention, these switches are preferred due to their smooth transition. This means that you can press the keys at any rate possible until they reach their dead end. One of the examples is the Cherry MX Red linear switch.
What sets this type of switch apart from the linear one is that you don’t have to press the key until it reaches the dead end. There’s an extra click that helps you notice that the feedback is registered successfully. This is preferred by people who love noisy keyboards and acknowledge that they are working extensively. Surprisingly, you can also differentiate between the feedback received and the click sound through this type of switch.
Honestly speaking, tactile switches are one of the most wanted switches of this century. Well, these switches allow you to not shorten the life of the keystrokes by pressing them ultimately to the bottom part. Tactile switches produce a “Bump” between the keypress to alert the user that the feedback has been registered. These bumps help in prolonging the life of the keyboard.
They are recommended for extreme typists and gamers.
Characteristics of the switches
When cherry-picking one of the elite mechanical keyboards for yourself, you have to keep certain characteristics of the switches in mind. The reason is quite simple. Mechanical keyboards go hand in hand with the type of switches they use. This is one of the biggest reasons why mechanical keyboards are preferred over membrane keyboards since they give you the ability to DIY and customize your preferences as per necessity.
5 of the characteristics are as follows:
- Tactile position: The tactile position is experienced through the tactile switches only. If you are wondering how to get them on linear switches, then it’s a big no.
- Reset Point: The reset point is focused on every mechanical keyboard. It’s a point where the keypress is deactivated and disconnects the circuit. You can find them on every type of switch.
- Activation point: It’s also known as the Actuation point where the feedback is registered, and the circuit connects. The Activation point is a few millimeters below.
- Maximum Distance traveled: It’s the maximum distance traveled by the keystroke until it reaches the dead end. Operation force varies from the keyboard to the keyboard. If you are using one of the top-tier keyboards with an amazing switch, then the operation force will be lowered. In short, it’s a required force to acknowledge the feedback.
Pros of Mechanical Keyboards
- Durability: You must have heard about the “100 million strokes” on Membrane keyboards. But, when mechanical keyboards are concerned, the figure is two or three times the one mentioned above. Since the mechanical keyboard uses a switch style technique and not a membrane pad, the feedback remains the same after its usage. In short, you don’t have to buy the keyboard again and again. Buy one and use it for a decade.
- Replaceable Keycaps: Mechanical keyboards are earned with the feature of customization. You can get your custom-made keycaps and use them on your keyboard. That’s beautiful, isn’t it?
- Tactility: The feature of the tactile effect is humungous. It allows extreme typists and hardcore gamers to push the keys with little to no force. This means that the tactile feedback is docile and efficient, giving you an edge over typing and gaming.
- Half-way stroke: When using mechanical keyboards, they have the ability to register the keystroke halfway through the actuation point. This saves your time and prolongs the lifespan of the switches.
- Heavy: Well, the weight of the mechanical keyboard can both be considered as an advantage and disadvantage. This means that the heavier, the better because the keyboard will not slip from the table’s edges.
- Use of key Rollover: In mechanical keyboards, you can press as many keys at a single time. Even after giving the detrimental effect to the keyboard, the keys will still register themselves. This gives an edge to hardcore gamers whilst playing the games.
- Easy to clean: Since you have the option to take out keycaps, you can clean the dust off. This makes the keyboard look newer and better.
Cons of Mechanical Keyboards
- Expensive: When you compare both the membrane and mechanical keyboard, you’ll find out that mechanical keyboards are way too expensive. It’s because they use the latest technology which can last longer. I mean, at times, the price is justified.
- Heavy: The reason for it being in the cons too is simple. Portability is not there when mechanical keyboards are concerned. They are usually heavy because of the new technology and switches incorporated for fruitful purposes.
- Loud: It’s fathomable that a mechanical keyboard uses tactical feedback and Clicky switches, which makes them noisy. But these sounds can be soothing if you are a hardcore gamer or a fanatic typist.
- Creative (DIY) skills: The option of taking out the keycaps gives a jinxing ability to shape the keycaps as per the will. If you don’t have the required set of skills to DIY, you are at a loss.
Performance in Gaming and Typing-Which keyboard to go for?
Typing and gaming are the two most important things while using the keyboard. If you were using a membrane keyboard and switched to a mechanical one, then expect a huge difference in typing. The difference is only significant when you are doing rigorous and mind-bending tasks. When you compare the traditional keyboard with the mechanical ones, you only get to spot some high-end features if you customize your mechanical keyboard. Otherwise, it’s pretty much the same.
The question remains, what gives a mechanical keyboard an edge? It’s the type of switches incorporated. You have the authority and ability to switch to any sort of switch as per your requirement. The customization will harbor the features you want to tailor for your personal preferences. For example, if you are a known typist and a hardcore gamer, then light keystrokes with lower actuation points are your ultimate goal. This can only be fulfilled if you are using Cherry MX switches (or equivalent).
Similarly, if being a typist is out of your league, then you can root for simple Cherry MX blue switches, which have a tactile force and amazing feedback to let you know when to release the key. It all depends on the work you have indulged yourself in. Suppose it’s gaming, lighter keys, if not Clicky ones. It’s as simple as that.
Not to mention, if you are in a work environment, and looking forward to registering keys as soon as possible with quitter keystrokes, then Cherry MX Brown switches are your ideal shot. In short, mechanical keyboards are heavily dependent on the switches they curtail. Whereas, all membrane keyboards are alike and don’t offer much room for customization.
Adaption to Mechanical keyboard
Let me remind you about the adaptation to mechanical keyboards. For instance, if you have fully absorbed the environment prescribed by the blue switches, then the option of switching will lead to a complete downfall. Mechanical keyboards are designed in a way that makes you fascinated with the respective sounds and clicks. If, for a long time, you have submerged yourself with a single switch, then switching to another switch can cause problems. Adaptability is the key element to boost the performance given by these mechanical keyboards.
It has been observed that the figure established by the statisticians proposes a wild number. In typists, around a 2 to 3 percent increase is observed in typing rate when using a singular switch type. So, it all boils down to the function of adaptability. If you are looking forward to boosting your performance, then mechanical keyboards are your last resort.
What’s the final cut?
Seriously, it entirely depends on the user. But my advice is to go for mechanical keyboards since it gives the option of customization. You can change the appearance, make it tactile, Clicky, or whatever you want to turn it in. In Membrane keyboards, you will not get such options.
Additionally, you can train your fingers by practicing on dummy mechanical keyboards to find the suitable one of yourself.
When considering the battle between mechanical vs. membrane keyboard, mechanical keyboards have an edge. While these keyboards will enhance the performance and give you a boost in typing and gaming, they will also offer a longer lifespan.
Choose your weapon!
Frequently Asked Questions
Hey, I’m Muhammad Bilal. I’m a tech fanatic (also read: Gamer), who loves scrutinizing fine details. I aim to strive hard in my respective fields (as a writer and software programmer). Before pursuing my majors in a university (right now in A-levels), I want to spend time exploring and reviewing the latest technology.